This blog post was originally published on The Safeguarding Company website >> https://www.thesafeguardingcompany.com/resources/blog/kcsie-2022-changes-and-updates-to-the-guidance/
KCSIE 2022: CHANGES AND UPDATES TO THE GUIDANCE
On the 1st of September 2022, the new Keeping Children Safe in Education guidance will come into effect. In this blog, we list all the important relevant updates and changes that are applicable to all staff, safeguarding leads and school governors.
This is a summary of all updates and changes in Keeping Children Safe in Education 2022. You can read the full guidance HERE.
The full guidance comes into effect on the 1st of September 2022, all updates listed here are subject to change before then.
A SUMMARY OF KCSIE 2022
Relevant parts of the Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA), the Equality Act 2010 and the Public Sector Equality Duty have been outlined and explicitly linked to safeguarding, particularly in regard to diversity inclusion, prejudicial and discriminatory bullying and sexual violence & harassment.
Throughout the document, specific safeguarding topics such as criminal exploitation and forced marriage have been replaced with the terminology “all forms of abuse”.
CHANGES TO PART 1: SAFEGUARDING CHANGES FOR ALL STAFF
Staff are reminded that children are not always ready or able to talk about their experiences of abuse and/or may not always recognise that they are being abused.
New information has been added to explain the impact of domestic abuse including the potential short-term and long-term detrimental impact on children’s health, wellbeing, and ability to learn if they are experiencing domestic abuse at home or within their own intimate relationships.
CHANGES TO PART 2: THE MANAGEMENT OF SAFEGUARDING
Supporting the DSL
The importance that governors and proprietors properly support the DSL role has been given prominence by adding it to the main body of the guidance and includes an expectation that they should read the full DSL job description in Annex C.
There is a new requirement for governors and trustees to receive safeguarding training at the point of induction to ensure their understanding of their important strategic role, as well as their legislative responsibilities, and those set out by their local multi-agency safeguarding arrangements, and that this is regularly updated.
In relation to online safety, there is an expectation that the governors hold this as a central theme in their whole setting approach to safeguarding.
Effective Safeguarding Curriculum
A focus on preventative education has been added, with a new paragraph about the importance of the setting’s role in delivering an effective safeguarding curriculum.
LGBTQ+ Children and Young People
There is a greater emphasis on risks for LGBTQ+ children and/or those that are perceived to be. Staff are reminded that LGBTQ+ inclusion is part of the statutory relationships education/relationships and sex education curriculum.
CHANGES TO PART 3: SAFER RECRUITMENT
Curriculum Vitae and Full Application Forms
Regarding safer recruitment, the guidance clarifies that a curriculum vitae (CV) should only be accepted alongside a full application form. CVs on their own will not contain all the information required to support safer recruitment.
Online Searches during the Recruitment Process
The guidance now states that education settings should consider conducting online searches as part of their due diligence during the recruitment process. The stated aim of this is that it “may help identify any incidents or issues that have happened, and are publicly available online, which the school or college might want to explore with the applicant at the interview.
CHANGES TO PART 4: ALLEGATIONS AND SAFEGUARDING CONCERNS MADE AGAINST STAFF AND CONTRACTORS
Lessons Learned from all Allegations
Learning from all allegations against staff investigations should be incorporated by schools and colleges, not just from those that are concluded and substantiated.
The guidance now makes clear that schools and colleges can choose to whom low-level concerns about staff are reported to, so long as it is clear in their policies. All staff should be aware of how to handle low-level concerns, allegations against staff and whistleblowing, with KCSIE 2022 being clear that this information should be contained in the staff behaviour policy (also known as the code of conduct)
CHANGES TO PART 5 : CHILD-ON-CHILD SEXUAL VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL HARASSMENT
DfE Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment Guidance
On our initial reading, whilst not explicitly stated, it appears that the DfE Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment guidance has been incorporated into KCSIE 2022, and therefore will be withdrawn in September 2022. It is helpful that the information is all in one place, and therefore easier for staff to access, although it does mean that there has been a substantial increase to the length of the KCSIE guidance. This also means that what was non-statutory guidance becomes statutory.
Terminology throughout KCSIE 2022 has changed from peer-on-peer abuse to child-on-child abuse. This is a welcome change as the term peer-on-peer abuse suggests the abuse is between children of a similar age which is not always the case.
Senior leaders are reminded of the crucial part education settings play in preventative education within the context of a whole-school or college approach that creates a culture that does not tolerate any form of prejudice or discrimination, including sexism and misogyny/misandry. The expectation is that schools/colleges’ values and standards in this area will be underpinned by their behaviour policy, pastoral support system, as well as a planned programme of evidence-based RSHE. The guidance spells out key areas to be included in the latter
CHANGES TO ANNEXES
In annex B there is increased emphasis on staff being able to identify the indicators of serious youth violence including reducing attendance, changes in friendship groups and performance concerns. Education settings are encouraged to reach out to their local violence reduction unit.
A key change is in Annex C, where a statement has been added which requires the DSL to be aware of the role of the appropriate adult. The DSL must liaise with the headteacher or principal to inform him or her of issues- especially ongoing enquiries under section 47 of the Children Act 1989 and police investigations. This should include being aware of the requirement for children to have an Appropriate Adult. Further information can be found in the Statutory guidance - PACE Code C 2019.
The role of the DSL has been moved entirely into Annex C to provide clarity and reinforce the responsibility of the role. It is expected that Governors read this in full. The guidance also states that sole proprietors cannot be the DSL in their setting.